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518-260-8210 White Oak, Janka Hardness Rating 1360. White oak flooring comes in at 1,360, whereas black walnut flooring comes in at 1,010; malleable but durable, both options work perfectly for residential use. Red Oak is slightly softer than White Oak. Because of the harder grain White Oak flooring takes stain colors very evenly. The Janka Hardness Scale is a test used to determine the hardness and density of a hardwood ... Another thing to consider is that most coatings, when scratched, will create a white mark on the floor. The higher the number, the harder the wood is.This should be used as a general guide when comparing various species of wood flooring. The Janka Hardness scale is used to determine a hardwood’s resistance to dents, dings and scratches. European White Oak generally has a tighter grain, smaller growth rings, and more uniform color than American White Oak (Quercus alba). Features longer than average lengths - up to 84-in. Each plank features a beveled edge and beveled end. Construction: 3 ply engineered Hardwood Flooring. Janka hardness test is very important when it comes to choosing a new floor. For many years, Oak was almost exclusively finished in Natural, Light (Golden) and Medium finishes. The idea of the Janka rating gives consumers an idea … American Cherry . Color: Light brown with golden tones. Janka Hardness: Pine woods can vary widely in hardness from species to species. The Janka rating for red oak, the softer of the two oaks, is 1,220 pounds-force, while that for Douglas-fir is only 620, which is a little more than half. Generally, the higher the Janka hardness test rating, the harder or stronger the wood will be. It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. Workability: Both red and white oak have good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters). About White Oak White Oak also know as American White Oak is valued for its density, strength and resiliency and because of its closed cellular structure is preferred for use in furniture, martial arts weapons and interior finishes including hardwood flooring. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. White Oak flooring has less pronounced finer graining and warmer golden brown tones. Oak & Broad offers two of the most popular choices in terms of Janka hardness. For example, certain species of Ash are inconsistent where one piece may be heavy while another may be light in weight. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. California Redwood. Because it is harder, it accepts stain color more evenly than Red Oak flooring does. 4397 New York Highway 9, Warrensburg, New York 12885, United States. It ranges in color from light brown to a rich, dark brown. Bamboo is a bit harder at 1,380 (see my past blog on bamboo flooring – is it hard or soft?) Douglas Fir. Natural Coloring of White Oak ranges from golden/browns with gray undertones. It is important to note that Janka hardness does not take into account wood density nor weight. Janka Rating of White Oak Flooring. Flooring choices can range comparably from hard maple or wenge to red oak to even softer than Douglas fir in hardness. White oak's numerical hardness value is 1360. Even American white oak engineered flooring is durable due to its multiple layers of hardwood backing. For red oak, Janka hardness values in the radial direction ranged from 3.9 to 10.2 kN, with a mean value of 5.8 kN and coefficient of variation of 19.19%. White Oak is a domestic wood species similar to Red Oak, but harder on the Janka Hardness Scale (Red Oak is 1290). These scratches will be more visible on darker floors due to the colour contrast of the dark floor and light scratch. Hardness. A resistance to fungi and insects spawns from White Oak’s tannic acid content. Qty. This species of oak measures approximately 1360 on the Janka hardness rating which shows a wood's relative hardness when compared to other types of wood. T: 518-260-8210 Red Birch. Janka hardness results for red oak and white oak are listed in Table 4. The Janka Hardness test is designed to measure the density or hardness of different types of wood. Red oak sands better than white; by contrast, white oak has better machining qualities. Red Oak has a Janka hardness rating of 1290, while White Oak’s rating is 1360, making it slightly more impervious to dents and scratches. The Janka Scale can even reveal subtle hardness differences between woods that appear to be quite similar. There are many grades of White Oak flooring available. White Oak flooring is also more stable. White Oak has a bit higher Janka score than its Red cousin, with a score of 1,350. Note that this does not have an impact on scratching…that is determined by the type of polyurethane or finish. The Janka hardness test measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. Northern White Oak. Red Oak is just as durable and sturdy. The list below is sorted by hardness, softest to lightest. White Oak has been known to have been used for hundreds of years in … Overview. Red oak, which has a Janka rating of 1290, is the most popular U.S. hardwood species and is an industry benchmark for correlating the relative hardness of different hardwood species. Color. With a Janka hardness scale of approximately 1360, white oak is extremely resilient, especially in comparison to red oak. The test is done by measuring the force that is required to drive in a steel ball into a specific plank of wood. Green River Lumber. Made with tongue and groove construction which allows for a nail down or staple down installation No, White Oak is harder then Red Oak but there are many species that are stronger then both based on the Janka Wood Hardness scale. It is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood species to withstand denting and wear. WHITE OAK SPECIES NOTES. According to the Janka scale, White Oak is slightly harder at 1360, compared to Red Oak’s score of 1290. Poplar. White Oak has a smoother grain . When it comes to general strength, oak is also the winner, but fir is more workable. Wood species: Oak. The diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters. Also, it has a Janka scale rating of 1360. Janka Hardness: White oak has a ranking of 1360, while red oak is 1290. However, these numbers are so close that both hardwoods will tend to perform equally well once they’ve been installed, finished and sealed. Yellow Birch. Consistent, neutral color and grain, Northern White Oak is ideal for custom staining. In the tangential direction, red oak hardness values ranged from 3.8 to 10.5 kN with a mean of 6.3 kN and coefficient of variation of 19.13%. Ages Well; Most products that are made of wood ages with time and acquire a warm patina. In addition to an increased shock and wear resistance, characterized by a cream, white, or light brown color, white oak flooring, an all oak species, features an open yet somewhat coarse grain. White Oak flooring has been noted as being harder than Red Oak with a Janka hardness rating of approximately 1360. Red oak is used as the standard and its hardness is 1,290 on the Janka scale. White oak, which is more exclusive than red oak, should be priced higher than red oak. The White Oak is very resistant to insect and fungal attacks because of its high tannin content. Interested in hardwood flooring for your home? Ash. Janka Hardness Rating: With a Janka Hardness rating of 1360 out of 4000, the White Oak species is in the medium range of American hardwoods. Both red oak and white oak are harder than Douglas-fir wood. This page is devoted exclusively to Plain-sawn White Oak. 4397 New York Highway 9, Warrensburg, New York 12885, United States. Alder on the other hand is usually very consistent as far as its weight is concerned from piece to piece. Bamboo. Southern Soft Maple. Red Oak, Southern. Red oak sands better than white; by contrast, white oak has better machining qualities. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. Janka Hardness: 1360. The rustic floors embody the natural feeling of the … If you are not familiar with the differences in Maple lumbers. White Oak from Southern states is often the least expensive and exhibits larger average board sizes. The Janka hardness values have been indicated below for your reference. Workability: Both red and white oak have good resistance to splitting and excellent holding ability. Finish Options: Timberline partners with a local company to offer custom staining to meet the look you’re trying achieve. White oak features a unique grain structure and has a JANKA rating of 1360. Janka hardness. Grades of Plain-sawn White Oak Flooring Available: White Oak is a widely used wood for flooring, but not to the vast extent of Red Oak. Oak, Walnut and Janka Hardness. Flooors by LTL White Lacquer Oak Engineered Hardwood Flooring Sample. As the name says, White Oak will not have the red coloration like a Red Oak, but a light to medium brown, sometimes with a gray or olive tint. Oak also wears very well over years of tough use and hides minor dents and wear very well in its wide and thick grain pattern. This Janka scale rating determines the hardness of the wood plank. slider closed. Janka Hardness: White oak has a ranking of 1360, while red oak is 1290. Widely available, poplar is a straight-grained, strong, medium density wood that's easy to machine, plane, turn, glue, and bore. and maple a bit harder than that at 1,450. Hardness and Grain On the Janka hardness scale -- a scale that ranks wood for hardness, hickory is the hardest of all domestic hardwoods, ranking at 1,820. Sapwood and wide growth rings are more prevalent in Southern White Oak . Poplar or Tulip Tree (Liniodendron tulipfera), the tallest of United States hardwood trees, grows throughout the eastern part of the country. White Oak is somewhat harder on the Janka scale than Red Oak (at 1290). Green River Lumber. The floors are made from wood chosen for its outstanding character. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. Northern Hard Maple. With a rating of 1290 on the Janka Hardness Scale, Red Oak garners a QW hardness score of 9 out of 10. This makes it a bit more resilient when it comes to denting. JANKA HARDNESS SCALE: 1290 (red oak) to 1360 (white oak) View Product Gallery. rift sawn has a tighter grain pattern, while quarter sawn has a flake pattern, or medullary rays. White oak is just a bit harder at 1,360. White oak is bit harder then red oak on the janka hardness scale (white oak is 1360 vs red oak is 1290). American Black Walnut. Janka Hardness: (Pounds-force) 1,300 lbf (5,780 N) ... White Oak is most abundant in Appalachian/Central region states including Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee & West Virginia. The durability of any flooring is dependent on the overall hardness of the wood. Janka wood hardness rating/resistant to denting: 1335. closed. Janka Hardness Scale. Consult with us today! Northern Red Oak. While there are plenty of hard domestic wood species, some of the hardest woods come from exotic trees in countries like Peru, Brazil, and Africa. Item #2886897 Model #HAFLRS9285. Grain: Rays are longer and more open than red oak with some swirls and burls. That is a similar score to Ash, Australian Cypress, and Hard Maple flooring. Southern Yellow Pine. Color Specifications: Unselected, … Janka Rating: White oak has a slightly higher Janka rating than its very near relative, Red Oak. Hickory/Pecan. Species Characteristics: Like Red Oak, White Oak has a resistance to shock and a significant stiffness and density. 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